There is a
certain kind of plant, 85 with pretty flowers, that attracts both moths and butterflies.
They fall dead if they light on it. Pg 153
85 - Informants note: His father showed this plant to him. It was large and covered
with many flowers of different shades of purple color. Around it lay dead moths
Recorder's note: The Hopi call it the butterfly flower because it attracts them.
The Navajo name is chil aghani, poison weed.
Franciscan Fathers (1912, p. 72) : chil agha' ni, killing plant, fatal to flies,
moths, etc. Pg. 153
The Beggar's son in the coyote's skin turned to the East and lay that night under
a cedar tree. 81 He ate the berries of the cedar tree. The second night he traveled
to the South and he laid under the bush called kin jilth ie', 82 and he ate its
berries. The third night he went to the West and he stayed under an iron bush.
83 Its berries are called maida to this day because he ate them. He traveled to
the North on the fourth day, and he lay under a wild-rose bush 84 that night,
and he ate its berries.
81- Informant's note: The berries of the cedar tree are called dit tse.
82- Franciscan Fathers (1910, p. 198) : kinjil' ahi, currant, Purshia tridentata.
83- Franciscan Fathers (1910, p. 198) : ma' ida, coyote food, or iron bush, the
wild cherry, Prunus dimissa.
84- Franciscan Fathers (1910, p. 197) : cho, or chu, the wild rose, Rosa fendleri.
Origin Myths of the Navajo Indians, 1956; Aileen O'Bryan.
Life. The sacred mountains had been given their positions by First Man when
he invited the various Peoples to contribute to the completion and beauty of
the earth. Accordingly, the various animals planted the seeds of trees, shrubs,
plants and grasses, which they had brought with them from the lower worlds.
Thereupon, First Man breathed upon them so that they, too, might see and live.
The clouds, winds and thunder were placed on the sky (yadilqil) so that moisture
might be supplied and vegetation secured. Pg. 353
Dictionary of the Navajo Language; 1910, The Franciscan Fathers.
corrals and dikes, dug irrigation ditches, and flooded his fields. As soon as
this water sank into the ground and the seeds had been blessed, he would start
the spring planting. It was the Navajo custom to plant the seeds in the fairly
deep holes which would not soon dry out. The man of the family walked ahead
and made the holes with the "planting stick," his wife followed close
behind with a blanket full of seeds and dropped a handful into each hole, then
brushed earth over them with her foot. The yield was thought to be greater when
the seeds were planted by a woman. Pg. 64
Klah, Navajo Medicine Man and Sand Painter; 1964, Franc Johnson Newcomb.
(xoc) (P) is closely related to Wind and Cloud, as indicated by many details,
especially the sandpaintings of the Wind Chant, though its character is not
clear. Cactus, mentioned rarely in the Shooting and Hail chants, is only an
incidental symbol. When Monster Slayer was injured by the White Weasel People,
he was helped by a quartet of Holy People who had transformed themselves into
In the Flint Chant, cactus is associated with flint (Kluckhohn-Wyman, Fig. 16,
17; many paintings in the Bush Collection; Reichard, Shooting Chant ms.; Haile
1943a, p. 167).
Religion, Vol II; Gladys A. Reichard, 1950